The Department for Digital Transformation ensures:
- with regard to the digital transformation of public administration, the functions of direction, coordination and stimulation in the definition and implementation of programmes, projects, and action plans, as well as the functions of evaluation of the proposals formulated in this regard by the administrations and control on the implementation and use of the relative resources with reference to the use of digital technologies, in order to ensure the effectiveness, efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and productivity of administrations, the transparency of administrative actions, and the quality of services to citizens and businesses, also making use of the instruments and financial resources defined for this purpose;
- the definition of strategic guidelines on open government and the enhancement of public information assets;
- as far as the technological, social and cultural transformation of the country is concerned, with reference to sectors other than those of public administration, the functions of defining the strategic guidelines of Government, of coordinating, stimulating and promoting as well as evaluating, the proposals formulated in this regard by the administrations, and of directing and controlling the use, implementation, and deployment of incentive tools, funds and resources for the development, diffusion and use of technologies in the various social, cultural and economic sectors, also promoting maximum accessibility to technologies, with particular reference to the development and diffusion of the necessary skills, the attraction of new companies and the strengthening of ecosystems, the study, research and diffusion of emerging technologies, and the governance of new technological ecosystem;
- all activities necessary to ensure, in liaison with the administrations concerned, the development and circulation of the skills needed for the appropriate use of digital technologies in schools, universities and research, central and local public administration, justice, business, work and social activity;
- cooperation with the authorities responsible for cybersecurity.
The Department carries out several projects that relate to both the area of digital transformation and the area of innovation.
The Department also carries out functions of direction, coordination and stimulation in the definition and implementation of programmes and projects, as well as functions of evaluating proposals formulated by other administrations and controlling the implementation and use of the relative resources with reference to the use of digital technologies.
The following are some of the coordinated strategic activities of the Digital Transformation Department.
The Department also plays a coordinating and driving role in the definition of strategies, actions and objectives of the Three-Year Plan for Information Technology in Public Administration, the drafting of which is entrusted to the Agency for Digital Italy.
The Three-Year Plan is a strategic policy document required by the Stability Law no. 208, of 28 December 2015. The 2020-2022 Three-Year Plan was drafted by a large working group made up of personnel from AgID and the Department for Digital Transformation and saw the contribution of many central administrations, regions, and metropolitan cities.
In the plan, each administration can find indications on the choices to be made to implement an organic digital transformation, including:
- the rationalization of digital infrastructure and the migration of services to the cloud;
- the adoption of digital identity solutions defined by the legislation: the SPID public digital identity system, and the CIE electronic identity card;
- the adoption of the single payment platform pagoPA and the indications for the migration of services to the IO App;
- the open sharing of its data, with initiatives and activities for the enhancement of public information;
- the development and use of digital platforms and services produced by administrations, through guidelines and development kits, and comparison with the Designers Italia and Developers Italia communities;
- the adoption of the open source model in public offices;
- the securing of its infrastructure (security and privacy).
Coordination of ideas between private and public stakeholders is key to drive the country's transformation towards digitalization and innovation. Fragmentation and duplication of competences and functions has, so far, slowed down innovation processes. On the contrary, it is necessary to work as a team, with coordinated contributions to digital and innovative transformations, joining forces and resources.
In order to face these challenges, a steering committee for the "Digitalization of PA and Innovation in the Country" has been set up, in which all Ministers participate and representatives of public bodies and administrations (e.g. Conference of Regions, ICE, etc.) are invited to follow the work as observers.
In support of the national strategy to fight the COVID-19 epidemic, Immuni is configured as a technological solution to facilitate monitoring by the Ministry of Health of the number of infections through a track and trace service, notifying of exposure to the virus, distributed through an app on smartphones, and available to the citizen.
Immuni was implemented by the Special Commissioner for the COVID-19 emergency (Presidency of the Council of Ministers), in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and the Minister for Technological Innovation and digitalization.
Now that the development of a source code is completed, by Bending Spoons S.p.A. for the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, today Immuni is managed exclusively by the public company Sogei S.p.A, under the supervision of the Department for Digital Transformation, which follows the changes and evolutions of the project, defined to support the national strategy in the fight against COVID-19.
The identification of the code by Bending Spoons S.p.A. as the most suitable for the specificities of our country took place within the framework of the task force set up by the Minister for Technological Innovation and Digitalization, in agreement with the Ministry of Health, which was responsible for evaluating and proposing data-driven technological solutions to deal with the health, social and economic emergency linked to the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in Italy.
Immuni is distributed as an app, so it potentially has strong market penetration, given the high availability of smartphones and using available technologies, such as Bluetooth Low Energy and Apple and Google's exposure notification frameworks. This allows Immuni greater reliability and interoperability with other contact tracing apps based on the same framework. With the ultimate goal of safeguarding free movement within the Union without requiring citizens to download a different program for each country, an update to the app was released in October, allowing Immuni to interoperate with COVID tracking systems currently being used in Europe (to date, interoperability is expected with Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, Denmark, Poland, Latvia, Spain, Croatia).
The Department for Digital Transformation also carries out numerous activities in both European and international fields.